During pregnancy it is especially important to have dental care and checkups. You should let your dentist know when you are pregnant so the right treatment guidelines and screenings can be done. Pregnancy affects the entire body including the month and teeth. Because you gums and teeth can be effected by hormone changes in your body while pregnant, you will need to pay close attention to your oral health.
Hormone progesterone levels increase the can cause inflammation of the gums known as gingivitis. Your gums can also become red and swollen because of immune system changes during pregnancy. Symptoms of pregnancy gingivitis usually go away after the child is born.
Periodontal disease during pregnancy is a more serious dental condition that some women will experience while being pregnant. This can occur as bacterial infections develop in areas below the gum line. This infection can injure the fibers that hold your teeth in place. This also puts women at higher risk of having babies with lower birth weights and having them sooner.
Pregnancy granuloma is a reddish growth that often appears along the upper gum-line. This reddish growth bleeds easily and can crusts over. These growths are not really dangerous, but they can be uncomfortable and affect how you eat and talk. Pregnancy granulomas usually happens during 2nd trimester and affects two to ten percent of pregnant women. They usually go away after the child is born.
Dryness in a pregnant women’s mouth can be caused by a decrease in saliva from hormonal changes. Having a dry mouth can increase your risk of lots of dental problems. Chewing sugar free gum can help increase you saliva.
Erosion of Tooth Enamel
Morning sickness which causes vomiting can lead to erosion of your enamel on the back of your teeth. This is most likely to happen with excessive vomiting over a long time.
Here are some of the things your can do while your pregnant to maintain good oral health.
Eat a Healthful Diet
Eating plenty of food that are high in calcium, protein, vitamins, and minerals will help provide for the health of your unborn child and yourself, as well as protect your teeth. Avoid meat and dairy as these can cause calcium loss from the additional acid need to digest them.
You should brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste at least three times a day for at least two minutes each time. You also need to floss at least once every day to help with pregnancy gingivitis. Rinsing your month with an antimicrobial mouthwash can help kill the bacteria that contribute to gingivitis. Don’t forget to see your dentist for regular dental care during your pregnancy.